Plastic bags -- a heavy burden
plastic bags have been flooded all over the world, especially in Asia. For example, Taiwan, with a population of 22million, uses 20billion plastic bags every year, equivalent to more than 900 per person. Chen Yongren, Secretary General of Taiwan's "Environmental Protection Agency", said, "Taiwan has a nickname: plastic Kingdom. You can ask for 10 plastic bags in the supermarket, and they will give them to you for free; because compared with food, the price of plastic bags is too low to easily control the experimental process."
an Indian Greenpeace official named manu gopran said, "this is terrible. Plastic bags are everywhere. We sometimes encounter sudden floods because the national sewage system is blocked by plastic bags. The stomach of the holy cow is also stuffed with plastic bags."
von Hernandez, Asia coordinator of Greenpeace in charge of garbage, said: "The soil is full of plastic bags, because they cannot be biodegradable. They also block the sewers, which may lead to the spread of floods and diseases. I have heard that marine organisms die because of plastic bags. For example, some turtles suffocate because they swallow 2million tons of plastic bags every year. Plastic bags also spread air pollution, because many plastic bags are burned together with other garbage..." Environmentalists say that burning plastic bags may spread dioxin (dioxin) into the air, which was the source of the deadly Agent Orange used during the Vietnam War
however, the momentum of the anti plastic bag movement is gradually increasing. Surprisingly, the first to ban the use of plastic bags is two poor small Asian countries: Bhutan and Bangladesh. Taiwan will also join them in January next year, but there is a huge loophole in Taiwan's ban: allowing takeout food in plastic bags
so far, the only western country that has taken action in restricting plastic bags is Ireland. In March this year, Ireland imposed a tax of 15 euro cents on each plastic bag. The Irish Ministry of environment announced in August that the tax would reduce the use of plastic bags in Ireland by 90%
Bangladesh has banned the use of plastic bags since March this year. Before the ban was implemented, 9.5 million people in Dhaka, the capital, consumed 10million plastic bags a day. After the ban was issued, 315 factories producing plastic bags for domestic use closed down. The main initiator of this ban, Dhaka environment 3. High precision ball screw transmission loading has the characteristics of stable loading, long service life, good stability and energy saving; And the executive director of the organization for social development, Hussein shahriar, was attacked twice in a year. However, shahriar said that they had been supervising the use of plastic bags and found that the ban had reduced the use of plastic bags by 90%
it is new enough that a country like Bangladesh can make such radical environmental protection laws work. What is more surprising is that Bhutan, which is dominated by agriculture, has also implemented a law similar to that of an intelligent plastic granulator combined with an extensive plastic granulator. This small country with a population of 678000 in the Himalayas has always been known for its environmental awareness. In order to control the number of tourists, Bhutan charges at least $200 per day for each inbound tourist
the use of plastic bags has not only been banned since 1999. Before that, the relevant parties spent three years discussing this issue. However, the implementation of the law is not satisfactory. According to nado LinQin, Bhutan's Deputy Minister of environment, the use of plastic bags in Bhutan has decreased by only 50% due to lack of education and lax law enforcement. At present, those businessmen who give customers plastic bags may be revoked their business licenses, but this punishment has almost never been implemented. In Bangladesh, the law is more stringent: those who import or sell plastic bags can be sentenced to up to 10 years' imprisonment, and those who distribute plastic bags will be sentenced to six months' imprisonment. So far, no one has been imprisoned for this. Some businessmen have been fined, up to $2000
naturally, enterprises producing plastic bags are not enthusiastic about such bans. "I'm not sure which ban really makes sense," said Donna Dempsey, executive director of the film and bag Federation in Washington, an organization representing the plastic industry She also said, "you have to compare the advantages and disadvantages of plastic and the things they want to replace plastic. Seven trucks of paper bags are equivalent to one truck of plastic bags in quantity. This means that using paper bags is more fuel-efficient and energy consuming. In addition, plastic bag garbage is 80% smaller in volume than paper garbage."
in response, Hernandez of Greenpeace responded: "paper waste left in landfills can be biodegradable, but plastic will never disappear."